Crochet Abbreviations

April 17, 2017
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I still remember what is was like reading my first crochet pattern. Reading the abbreviations and terminology for the first time can be a little scary.

Whether you are a crochet beginner or enthusiast, the chart below will help make the process a lot easier for you.

Please note: the terms below are standardised and meant to be used as a guide only. Always check whether your pattern is UK or US, this will usually be stated clearly.

AbbreviationDescription
( ) repeat instructions within parenthesis as many times as directed.
*repeat the instructions after the single asterisk as directed
* *repeat instructions within the asterisks as many times as directed or repeat from a set of instructions
[ ] Repeat instructions within brackets as many times as directed.
”inch(es)
3trclcluster of 3 treble stitches
4trclcluster of 4 treble stitches
5trclcluster of 5 treble stitches
altalternative
alt alternate(ing)
approxapproximately
begbegin(ning)
betbetween
bl/bk lpback loop(s)
blkblock
bobobble
bpback post
bpdcback post double crochet
bpscback post single crochet
bptrback post treble
Ccontrast colour
c2ccorner to corner
CAcolor A
CBcolor B
CCcontrasting color
chchain stitch
ch-chain or space previously made: e.g., ch-1 space
ch-spchain space
ch(s)chain(s)
clcluster
cmcentimeter(s)
contcontinue or continued
dcdouble crochet
dc2togdouble crochet two stitches together to create a decrease
dcldouble cluster
dkdouble knitting
ddkdouble double knitting
decdecrease
dtrdouble treble
dtrcldouble treble cluster
eaeach
estestablished
flfront loop(s)
follfollow(s)
fpfront post
fpdcfront post double crochet
fpscfront post single crochet
fptrfront post treble
ggram
grgroup
grp(s)group(s)
hdchalf double crochet
hkhook
htrhalf treble
ininch
incincrease
inclinclude (ing)
lklove knot
lp (s)loop (s)
lpstloop stitich
Mmain colour
Mmeter(s)
MCmain color
mmmillimeter(s)
ozounce(s)
ppicot
pat(s) or patt(s) pattern(s)
pcpopcorn
pmplace marker
prevprevious
quadtrquadruple treble
Rdtrfraised double treble front
remremain (ing)
reprepeat(s)
rnd(s)round(s)
rquadtrfraised quadruple treble front
rsright side
rtrraised treble
rtrbraised treble back
rtrfraised treble front
scsingle crochet
sc2tog single crochet 2 stitches together
sk skip
slip knotview
sl stslip sitich
sp(s) space(s)
ssslip stitch
st(s)stitch(es)
tblthrough back loop
tch or t-ch turning chain
tdtrtunisian double treble
tog together
trtreble crochet
tr2togtreble two together
tr3togtreble three together
trcltreble cluster
trtrtriple treble
tstunisian simple stitch
ttrtunisian treble crochet
wipwork in progress
wswrong side
yd(s)yard(s)
yoyarn over
yo(h)yarn over (hook)

See also: Crochet Hook Size Conversions